Temiskaming District contains the Ontario section of the smaller Lesser Clay Belt, a track of fertile soil that stretches from Englehart to the Northern shore of Lake Timiskaming.

Climate Conditions

The South of Temiskaming sits in climate zone F, the centre in zone G, and the North in zone H. In the May-October period of 2014, Temiskaming experienced 1,445 growing degree days, 2,277 crop heat units, and 486mm precipitation. The clay zone features on average a growing season of 175 days, and 157 days further northwest of Lake Timiskaming.


Temiskaming sits in plant hardiness zones 3a and 2b, and contains mostly sandy Humo-Ferric Podzol soil. The clay zone extends North and East of Lake Timiskaming to Englehart.


Hay is the most widely grown major field crop in Temiskaming. Beef cattle ranching and farming is the largest single farm use, followed by oilseed and grain farming, and a total of 20,408 cattle and calves in 2011.

Notable Centres

Temiskaming Shores

Temiskaming Shores is the amalgamation of the towns of New Liskeard and Haileybury and the township of Dymond, with a total population of 10,400 in 2011. The city is the service and commercial hub for approximately 32,500 people in the communities in the surrounding region.

Temiskaming Shores is roughly 6 hours and 19 minutes from London, 5 hours and 17 minutes from Toronto, and 6 hours 44 minutes from Kingston.


Earlton is a community 20 minutes North of New Liskeard, Temiskaming Shores. Temperatures in Earlton range from a mean of -16.2 in January and 18.3 in July. There are 114 frost-free days, with the average last spring frost occurring on May 28 and the first fall frost occurring on September 20. The area receives on average 576.5mm rain annually, falling over 104.7 days, with a peak mean monthly rainfall of 86.5mm in September.