With a 2011 population of 108,359, Thunder Bay is the largest community on Lake Superior and the second most populous in Canada’s North after Greater Sudbury. The commercial, administrative, and medical centre of the region, medical research and education have begun to replace forestry and manufacturing as the focuses of Thunder Bay’s economy.
Thunder Bay is home to an International Airport. By car, Thunder Bay is 16 hours from London, 15 hours from Toronto, and 16 hours from Ottawa.
The townships of Beardmore, Nakina, Geraldton, and Longlac were amalgamated to create Greenstone in 2001.
Temperatures in Greenstone range from a mean of -18.6 in January and 17.2 in July. There are 101 frost-free days, with the average last spring frost occurring on June 4 and the first fall frost occurring on September 14. The area receives on average 556.1mm rain annually, falling over 95.8 days, with a peak mean monthly rainfall of 108.6mm in September.
Greenstone is 15 hours 20 minutes from London, 14 hours from Toronto, and 15 hours 44 minutes from Kingston.